Brace yourself winter is coming...
Frostbite is a condition in which the tissue freezes...basically little ice crystals form in the tissue.
Signs and symptoms of minor frost bite (frostbite to the full thickness of the skin) include numbness, the skin will become white, the affected area feels hard but soft underneath.
First Aid for Minor Frost Bite- gently warm the affected area in water between 37-40 degrees Celsius for 20-30 minutes.
Medical attention only need to be sought if the area is painful after rewarming.
A couple notes- do not rub the area to warm it up as the tiny ice crystals that have formed can damage the tissue, be mindful about the heat source being used as the frozen tissue maybe numb and the patient could end up with burns.
Signs and symptoms of deep frostbite (frostbite to the full thickness of the skin and affecting the tissue beneath)- the area is numb, the affected area is hard and hard underneath, the skin is white and waxy in appearance, the patient will have no feeling where frozen. First Aid for deep frostbite- conduct a primary survey, activate EMS, handle the frozen area very gently, treat for shock.
As a side note there’s no first aid for decapitation. .