CASSAVA GRITS OR GARRI # PROCESSING
Garri is dry, crispy, creamy-white and granular. It is estimated that 70% of the cassava produced in Nigeria is processed into garri. As a result, garri is the most commonly traded cassava product.
1. Sorting: After harvest, some roots may be damaged or rotten. These are sorted to select the wholesome roots for processing; only healthy roots.
2. Peeling and washing: Freshly harvested cassava roots are covered with soil and dirt and. The roots are peeled to remove the outer brown skin and inner thick cream layer.
3. Grating: As part of the process to remove the cyanide and make the root safe to eat, the peeled cassava are grated into a mash or pulp. Mechanized graters are needed to produce a sufficient quantity of cassava mash to meet market demands and standards.
4. De- watering and fermenting: This completes the process of removing cyanide from the cassava mash. The water content in the mash is reduced using hydraulic press. The bags are then left to drain and ferment for a few days.
5. Granulating: The cake is mechanically reduced in size to produce fine granules of greater surface area – known as grits.
6. Roasting: The grits are then roasted or fryed in a hot frying tray or pan to form the final dry and crispy product. Garri is normally white or cream, but will be yellow when made from yellow cassava roots or when fried with palm oil.
7. Sieving: The Garri is sieved to separate coarse particles, with a standard size sieve to produce fine granules.
8. Packaging: The garri are weighed and then packed for marketing.
Dinka people, also called Jieng, people who live in the savanna country surrounding the central swamps of the Nile basin primarily in South Sudan. The Dinka speak a Nilotic language classified within the Eastern Sudanic branch of the Nilo-Saharan languages and are closely related to the Nuer. Numbering some 4,500,000 in the early 21st century, the Dinka form many independent groups of 1,000 to 30,000 persons. Those groups are organized on a regional, linguistic, and cultural basis into clusters, of which the best-known are the Agar, Aliab, Bor, Rek, Twic (Tuic, Twi), and Malual. The Dinka are primarily transhumant pastoralists, moving their herds of cattle to riverine pastures during the dry season (December to April) and back to permanent settlements in savanna forest during the rains, when their food crops, principally millet, are grown. Each group is internally segmented into smaller political units with a high degree of autonomy. Because of the vast geographic area they occupy, the Dinka exhibit great diversity of dialect, although they value intra-group unity in the face of enemies.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Dinka”. Encyclopaedia Britannica. .