Max Simon (6 January 1899 – 1 February 1961) was a German SS commander and war criminal during World War II. Simon was one of the first members of the SS in the early 1930s. He rose through the ranks of the SS, and became a corps commander during World War II. After the war, Simon was convicted for his role in the Marzabotto massacre.
Simon was born in Breslau. In 1917 he joined the army and served in the 11th Division. He served in Macedonia and on the Western Front, being awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class (1914). At the end of the war he joined the Freikorps in Silesia and fought against the Polish forces. His unit was later incorporated into the Reichswehr as the 16th Cavalry Regiment and Simon was promoted to Unterfeldwebel.
In May 1933 he joined the SS service number 83 086 and the NSDAP party number 1 350 576, and was assigned to the 47th SS-Standarte in Gera and was promoted to Untersturmführer (Second Lieutenant) in November 1934, until ordered to raise a new unit in 1935, 1st SS Totenkopfstandarte Oberbayern and given the rank of Standartenführer (Colonel). In 1934 he was appointed as the commander of the Sachsenburg concentration camp. In 1938 he took part in the Anschlussof Austria, the occupation of Bohemia and Moravia and the occupation of the Sudetenland.
Theodor Eicke (17 October 1892 – 26 February 1943) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era. He was one of the key figures in the development of the Nazi concentration camp system in Germany used to suppress dissent and during the Holocaust.
Eicke served as the second commandant of the Dachau concentration camp from June 1933 to July 1934, and together with his adjutant Michael Lippert, was one of the executioners of SA Chief Ernst Röhm during the Night of the Long Knives purge. In 1939, Eicke became commander of the SS Division Totenkopf of the Waffen-SS, leading the division during the Second World War on the Western and Eastern fronts, and continuing to expand and develop the concentration camp system.
Eicke was killed on 26 February 1943, when his plane was shot down during the Third Battle of Kharkov.
The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (German: 3. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf") was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II. Its name, Totenkopf, is German for "death's head", and it is thus sometimes referred to as the Death's Head Division.
Prior to achieving division status, the formation was known as Kampfgruppe (battlegroup) "Eicke". Most of the division's initial personnel belonged to the SS-Totenkopfverbände (concentration camp guards), and others were members of German militias that had committed war crimes in Poland.
203 mm howitzer M1931 (B-4) (Russian: 203-мм гаубица обр. 1931 г. (Б-4), GRAU index 52-G-625) was a 203 mm (8 inch) Soviet high-power heavy howitzer. During the Second World War, it was under the command of the Stavka's strategic reserve. It was nicknamed "Stalin's sledgehammer" by German soldiers. These guns were used with success against Finnish pillboxes at the Mannerheim Line, heavy German fortifications and in urban combat for destroying protected buildings and bunkers. This weapon was used until the end of the war in the Battle of Berlin where the Red Army would bring these guns up at point blank range to smash German fortifications with their heavy 203mm shells. In the spring of 1944, a KV-1s tank chassis was used to create a self-propelled variant, the S-51. The heavy recoil from the muzzle blast threw the crew off their seats and damaged the transmission, and so it was cancelled.
With an elevation angle of up to 60 degrees and 12 propellant loads to choose from, the B-4 virtually met all the expectations it was given, capable of crushing its targets via an optimal projectile trajectory.
This day in 1944, 57,000 German prisoners of war march through Moscow to demonstrate the success of the Soviet Operation Bagration.
Most of these prisoners never returned to Germany alive.
Operation Bagration was the codename for the Belarusian Offensive in World War II, which completely removed the German troops from the Soviet Socialist Republic of Belarus and Eastern Poland between June 22 and August 19, 1944.
The operation was named after Prince Pyotr Bagration, a general of Russian forces who was mortally wounded in the Battle of Borodino.
The action resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Army Group Center and three of its components: 4th Army, 9th Army, and 9th Panzer Army. The result was "the most calamitous defeat" of Germany's army in World War II.
It was a Soviet military triumph due to the coordinated movement of the offensive on all fronts and operations to fool the enemy into the general offensive in the summer of 1944. Despite the large numbers of forces involved in the operation, the enemy did not know where or when would be the operation.
After the battle, the German army had lost about 25% of all forces on the Eastern Front and did not recover from the exceptional casualties in men and materiel. Losses of Nazi officials: 9 generals killed, 22 captured, 1 lost and 2 committed suicide. At the end of the operation the "Central Army Group" was almost completely destroyed. Material losses: 2000 tanks and 57000 vehicles. In addition to about 400,000 dead.
Losses from the Soviet side: 2957 tanks and 2447 pieces of artillery, 822 aircraft. Human losses: 180,040 dead and missing and 590,848 injured.
During the two-month offensive, the Red Army suffered 25% of Wehrmacht's losses, liberating countless cities and achieving impressive success. To demonstrate victory to other countries, about 50,000 German prisoners of war captured east of Minsk, marched about 90 minutes through the streets of Moscow, and after that the streets were deliberately washed with soap and water. #AfricaKorps#Kursk#WW2InColors#Rommel#kreta#DDay#Dunkirk#Bundesarchiv#WW1#WW2InPhotos#WW2
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In 1944, Odon valley. Infantry occupying slit trenches in the forward area between Hill 112 and Hill 113.
Heinz Friedrich von Randow (15 November 1890 – 21 December 1942) was a German army general.
Randow was born in Grammow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He became an ensign in 1910, then attended the military academy and became lieutenant on 20 November 1911, five days after his 21st birthday. He was then in the 2nd Mecklenburgian Dragoon Regiment No. 18 in Parchim.
With the Parchim dragoons he fought during the First World War first in France, later for many years on the Eastern Front, mostly near Dünaburg (Daugavpils), then in Riga. In January 1917 he was promoted to 1st lieutenant. After the war he first became a riding teacher at the army riding school in Hanover. In 1922 he was engaged at the Cavalry Regiment No. 14 and advanced to cavalry captain in 1924. As from 1925 he was adjutant at the regiments staff and from 1926 to 1929 chief of the 2nd squadron.
Purposefully Randow pursued his career as a soldier in the German army. In 1936 he was promoted to lieutenant Colonel and commander of the 2nd section of his regiment at the town of Parchim; 1938 he became commander of the Cavalry Regiment No. 13 in Lüneburg. The same year he was promoted colonel.
Alfred Bruer (4 November 1897 – 12 February 1976) was an officer in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who briefly commanded the 21st Panzer Division. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Bruer surrendered to the Allied troops following the fall of Tunisia in 1943.
Awards and decorations
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 30 July 1942 as Oberst and commander of Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 155
In the photo above we see: Bismarck (right) with Erwin Rommel.
Georg von Bismarck (15 February 1891 – 31 August 1942) was a German general during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
Bismarck joined the army in 1910 and took part in World War I. During the interwar years he served as an officer in the Reichswehr. During World War II, Bismarck took part in the Invasion of Poland in September 1939. During the Battle of France in 1940, he commanded a motorized infantry regiment of Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division.
In 1941 he was promoted to commander of the newly formed 20th Panzer Division. He led the division during Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front as a part of Army Group Centre. In January 1942 he was transferred to Africa to serve in the Africa Korps as commander of the 21st Panzer Division. Here he again served under Rommel. Bismarck was killed by a mine while leading the 21st Panzer Division in the Battle of Alam el Halfa, 31 August 1942.
In the photo above we see: Böttcher and Erwin Rommel
Karl Böttcher (25 October 1889 – 21 October 1973) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.
Böttcher served in the Deutsches Afrikakorps under Erwin Rommel where he commanded an artillery regiment. Later Böttcher was made commander of the 21st Panzer Division. Böttcher surrendered to the Western Allies in 1945 and was interned until 1947.
Johann "Hans" Theodor von Ravenstein (1 January 1889 – 26 March 1962) was a German general (generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He commanded the 21st Panzer Division from May 1941 until being made a prisoner of war in late November 1941. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.
Heinrich Kirchheim (6 April 1882 – 14 December 1973) was a German generalleutnant who served in both World War I and World War II. He is also one of few German officers who were awarded the Pour le Mérite and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. He also served as a deputy member on the "Court of Military Honour," a drumhead court-martial that expelled many of the officers involved in the 20 July Plot from the Army before handing them over to the People's Court.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK). Commanding officers:
As 5th Light Afrika Division:
Heinrich Kirchheim, 16–31 May 1941
Johann von Ravenstein, 31 May -
As 21st Panzer Division:
Generalmajor Johann von Ravenstein, 1 August – 29 November 1941
Oberstleutnant Gustav-Georg Knabe, 29 November – 1 December 1941 (acting leader)
Generalmajor Karl Böttcher, 1 December 1941 – 11 February 1942
Generalmajor Georg von Bismarck, 11 February – 21 July 1942
Oberst Alfred Bruer, 21 July – 1 August 1942 (acting leader)
Generalmajor Georg von Bismarck, 1–31 August 1942
Oberst Karl-Hans Lungershausen, 1–18 September 1942 (acting leader)
Generalmajor Heinz von Randow, 18 September – 21 December 1942
Oberst Kurt Freiherr von Liebenstein, 21 December 1942 – 1 January 1943 (acting leader)
Generalmajor Hans-Georg Hildebrandt, 1 January – 25 April 1943
Oberst Heinrich-Hermann von Hülsen, 25 April – 13 May 1943
Generalleutnant Edgar Feuchtinger, 15 May 1943 (re-creation) – 15 January 1944
Generalmajor Oswin Grolig, 15 January – 8 March 1944
Generalleutnant Franz Westhoven, 8 March – 8 May 1944
Generalleutnant Edgar Feuchtinger, 8 May 1944 – 25 January 1945
Oberst Helmut Zollenkopf, 25 January – 12 February 1945
Generalleutnant Werner Marcks, 12 February – 8 May 1945
The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The SBS can trace its origins back to the Second World War when the Army Special Boat Section was formed in 1940. After the Second World War, the Royal Marines formed special forces with several name changes—Special Boat Company was adopted in 1951 and re-designated as the Special Boat Squadron in 1974—until on 28 July 1987 when the unit was renamed as the Special Boat Service after assuming responsibility for maritime counter-terrorism. Most of the operations conducted by the SBS are highly classified, and are rarely commented on by the British government or the Ministry of Defence due to their sensitive nature.
The Special Boat Service is the maritime special forces unit of the United Kingdom Special Forces and is described as the sister unit of the British Army 22 Special Air Service Regiment (22 SAS), with both under the operational control of the Director Special Forces. In October 2001, full command of the SBS was transferred from the Royal Marines to the Royal Navy; whilst retaining the green beret. On 18 November 2003, the SBS were given their own cap badge with the motto "By Strength and Guile".This follows opening recruitment from only the Royal Marines to all three services of the British Armed Forces. The SBS has traditionally been manned mostly by Royal Marines Commandos.
Paul Hausser (7 October 1880 – 21 December 1972), popularly known as the Papa Hausser, was a former general in the Reichsheer and then a high-ranking commander of Nazi Germany's Schutzstaffel (SS) who played a key role in the post-war efforts by former members of the Waffen-SS to achieve historical and legal rehabilitation.
Hermann Hoth (12 April 1885 – 25 January 1971) was a German army commander and war criminal during World War II. He fought in the Battle of France and as a panzer commander on the Eastern Front. Hoth commanded the 3rd Panzer Group during Operation Barbarossa in 1941, and the 4th Panzer Army during the Wehrmacht's 1942 summer offensive.
Following the encirclement of the 6th Army in the Battle of Stalingrad in November 1942, Hoth's panzer army unsuccessfully attempted to relieve it during Operation Winter Storm. After Stalingrad, Hoth was involved in the Third Battle of Kharkov, the Battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943 and the Battle of Kiev.
Hoth implemented the criminal Commissar Order during the invasion of the Soviet Union. After the war, Hoth was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the High Command trial and sentenced to 15 years. He was released on parole in 1954.
Vladimir Alexandrovich Sudets (Russian: Владимир Александрович Судец; 23 October 1904 - 6 May 1981) was a Soviet air commander during World War II, commanding the 17th Air Army, and later became Marshal of the aviation after the war.
Sczyapan Yakimavich Krasoŭsky (Belorussian: Сцяпан Якімавіч Красоўскі, Russified: Stepan Akimovich Krasovskiy[Степан Акимович Красовский]; August 20 [O.S. August 8] 1897 - April 21, 1983) was a Soviet Air Force Marshal of the aviation.
Aleksey Semenovich Zhadov (Russian: Алексе́й Семёнович Жа́дов), born with the surname "Zhidov" (Russian: Жи́дов), was a Soviet military officer in the Red Army, who during World War II commanded the 66th Army, later renamed the 5th Guards Army, from the Battle of Stalingrad up till the end of the war. For his leadership of the army, Zhadov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Postwar, Zhadov commanded the Central Group of Forces and was deputy commander of the Soviet Ground Forces.
Chief marshal of the armored troops Pavel Alexeyevich Rotmistrov (Russian: Павел Алексеевич Ротмистров) (6 July 1901 in Skovorovo – 6 April 1982) was a Soviet military commander of armoured troops in the Red Army during and following World War II, most notable at the Battle of Prokhorovka where he engaged Waffen SS in point blank range.
Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin (Russian: Никола́й Фёдорович Вату́тин; 16 December 1901 – 15 April 1944) was a Soviet military commander during World War II. Vatutin was responsible for many Red Army operations in Ukraine as commander of the Southwestern Front, and the Voronezh Front during the Battle of Kursk. During the Soviet liberation of right-bank Ukraine, Vatutin led the 1st Ukrainian Front, responsible for the Red Army's offensives to the west and south-west of Kiev and the eventual liberation of the city.
The Battle of Prokhorovka was fought on 12 July 1943 near Prokhorovka, 87 kilometres (54 mi) southeast of Kursk in the Soviet Union, during the Second World War. Taking place on the Eastern Front, the engagement was part of the wider Battle of Kursk, and occurred when the 5th Guards Tank Army of the Soviet Red Army attacked the II SS-Panzer Corps of the German Wehrmacht in one of the largest tank battles in military history.
Mustang's P-51 of the 355FG, 358th FS flying in formation over Europe.
The squadron deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) in July 1943, where it became part of VIII Fighter Commandin England. The squadron's primary mission was to escort Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bombers to and on the return flights over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany. It engaged in numerous air battles on an almost daily basis with Luftwaffe day interceptor aircraft while escorting the heavy bombers. The squadron upgraded to long-range North American P-51D Mustangs in March 1944, with the USAAF gaining air superiority with the P-51 and by 1945, almost complete air supremacy over the skies of Nazi Germany. In addition, the squadron conducted fighter sweeps over enemy airfields, destroying Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground as well as attacking enemy targets of opportunity over Germany and Occupied Europe. #wwii#wwiiincolor#wwiicolor#fighterairplane#aviation#airplane#aircraft#airforce#warbird#airfield#warplane#history#aviationphotographyy#aviationhistory#ww2history#ww2aviation#ww2incolors#P51#Mustang#USAF#USAAF#Squadron